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Why exclusion is reinforced by self-serving leaders?


By:-Chairman Manyang Parek von Chief Parek

In history international system has witnessed dramatic changes as we realized that scientific knowledge has transformed and reformed the modern world for the better. As we wish to live in peace and harmony instead of undergoing bad experiences of violence that lead to war and death of our citizens. It is true progress in technological development is under threat as it is being disrupted by manmade political conflicts which end in crisis and violence in this world of civilization. These political conflicts have of course engulfed the world of civilization which makes human beings not to live in peace and harmony. Truly these political conflicts and crisis of violence which are still going on even in South Sudan need introduction of effective good polices of preventing them not to take place or happen again. In this, it is necessary to introduce laws of prevention of conflicts in the society and system of governance in the nation. There are no good policies of political and economical development that are put in place to be able to provide social welfare services peacefully to the citizens which creates political instability in the society. The failure to do that has badly affected the life of citizens as there is lack of economic development. This is re-forced by chronic corruption and poor governance without security and accountability. That can only be controlled by intellectuals who are very conscious and interested in humanity in order to achieve peace and live in harmony as brothers and sisters in Christ. In this aspect our laws have to be respected by everyone through the imposition of justice not to allow the oppression and injustice to take place against citizens as it is a serious crime against humanity. Citizens should not then be abused by harsh political power action and excess wrongly imposed which leads to conflict and violence challenge by public disorder in the end in the country. Nevertheless real solution to this is that knowledgeable intellectuals have to be concerned about their citizens rethinking their understanding of international peace as a way of eradicating conflicts and crisis never to happen as they do lead to serious violence and war.


In this regard, let us at this point honestly reflect on the current war which is going on in South Sudan without any much hope of achieving peace in the shortest possible time. It is true our citizens are being oppressed and killed daily without any accountability. As leaders are always practicing bad governance without any sense of responsibility for the people as they are self- interested groups within the governing leadership. They always decide on their own accord to control the whole system of government by applying the policy of exclusion of other people especially those who are well educated and of good background. They could even come from different tribes and ethnic backgrounds in the nation. However one wonder whether these personalities as really well educated to an extent that they can effectively rule the government on their own free will. They only resort to policy of monopolistic control of political power for personal interest and benefit. They forget that for development to take place in our country we should all play a unique role like everyone else as it is an obligation for all of us to promote national interest than self interest. By doing that we can achieve peace and stability through economic development based on true justice and freedom. To do that, we can all enjoy the regular necessary comfort of life as we always hope to improve quality life of the citizens in the nation. This is how we can build good institutions in order to achieve economic development successfully with progress. And that has to be based on true inclusiveness in the system of governance for all the people as a proactive measure that can lead to a difference in the society.


Therefore, this crisis and violence that we are experiencing in our nation is a general political and economic problem in Africa. As many countries are made up of so many tribes from different ethnicity end up in conflict and clash over power for the control of the country’s resources. They do not promote a unitary inclusiveness which proceeds with national interests instead of their respective tribal interests. This unleashes huge human capital which can favor the building of a national interest for all.  On the contrary this takes place in developed countries through promoting this idea of inclusiveness, thus fully tapping their potential which leads into economic development. It is not divisiveness to these countries to disprove a far lower focus. Thus, many tribes make centripetal tendencies which dominate indirectly and perhaps whittling down the initiatives to come together to address important national issues of concern in the society for the achievement of good governance. Therefore, to think nationally one has to prove the difficulty in such a stratified society where there is lack of policy of inclusiveness which allow numerous tribal interests to play out in its full potential. In fact, it has led to several countries in Africa witnessing conflicts and civil wars like in South Sudan. Many of these countries are undergoing civil war, which make their mode of economical development extremely difficult to be achieved in the short possible time. Because of these tribal groups war, it force many of them to flow into neighboring countries leading into indirect support of these civil wars. They get involved in the conflicts by supporting these conflicting nations without much knowledge of these civil wars that are taking place. They end in multiple political problems without any hope of achieving peace and economical development and are insurmountably difficult to be controlled. Occasionally, the leader of the incumbent government based on tribe may not be uncommon for government’s interests to coincide in making civil war very complex and problematic at the same time and very hard to be resolved. These political complexities are prevalence of stratification in African countries and that need to be addressed by incumbent governments. They have to raise the voice of the above from the narrow tribal interests to proactively promote inclusiveness which can tap everyone’s potential in the nation building. To be able to do this, it needs formal education if it is to take place with solid energy of inclusiveness which transcend and contribute to economical prosperity despite the fact that citizens lack formal education. However, a lot of economies in the initial stages of their economic development can progress through the gut feeling of their people when dedicated to inclusiveness. They can gain their informal education from their own life’s experiences and experiences of their elders. But honestly this cannot belittle the importance of formal education with the active role of the government in expanding literacy through the encouragement of elementary and secondary education by opening and maintaining good standard of schools. Mahatma Gandhi as part of his freedom movement against the British rule strived through principles of non-violence, and truth to achieve inclusiveness. His unceasing speeches about inclusiveness led to freedom and the constitution which was based on equality of human beings. These provisions were made to uplift social groups that were poor and socially deprived. This became successful through the introduction of democracy which confirms the inclusiveness policy in India as was adopted as secularism which has reinforced equal respect of all the religions. Added to this question of list about annual holidays in India all bear the truth of inclusiveness. This has included holidays venerate of all the religions in the whole nation. In this view, inclusiveness is believed to have made wonders as it has improved the economy of the nation without discrimination in the society and system of governance in India.


In conclusion, wherever there is democracy and good governance it allow the government to thinks much ahead to unleash a whole lot of measures which offer better opportunities of advancing all social groups within the nation without any discrimination and that rectify their anomalies. Thus, preferential accelerated opportunities for economic mobility take place all over the country. This policy which is based on inclusiveness would not deprive any social groups because of their background as the objective is to address fair leadership in terms of the distribution of resources in the society and system of governance. At time of course they respond with slow pace when changes are intended to be done from the top leadership up to the grass root with the consideration of enveloping the people who are highly oriented into a national consciousness as guardian of our beloved new born country, Sudanile!  This top leadership of course shun political greed and desire without sticking to the programs of offering political justice and fairness to all in the nation. 

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